Cumberland County, NC

County

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2022 Population
335,207
0.487% 1-year growth
US Senator
Thom Tillis
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Budd
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
31.7
0.316% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
17.6%
2.7% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$55,551
9.47% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$166,600
14.7% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
125,174
0.575% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Cumberland County, NC had a population of 335k people with a median age of 31.7 and a median household income of $55,551. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Cumberland County, NC grew from 333,582 to 335,207, a 0.487% increase and its median household income grew from $50,746 to $55,551, a 9.47% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland County, NC are White (Non-Hispanic) (41%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (36.4%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (5.51%), White (Hispanic) (4.13%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (4.02%).

None of the households in Cumberland County, NC reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.9% of the residents in Cumberland County, NC are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cumberland County, NC are Fayetteville Technical Community College (3,624 degrees awarded in 2022), Fayetteville State University (1,494 degrees), and Methodist University (477 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Cumberland County, NC was $166,600, and the homeownership rate was 52.6%.

Most people in Cumberland County, NC drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Cumberland County, NC was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Carvers Creek, NC

Population & Diversity

Cumberland County, NC is home to a population of 335k people, from which 96.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 6.66% of Cumberland County, NC residents were born outside of the country (22.3k people).

In 2022, there were 1.13 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (137k people) in Cumberland County, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 122k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 18.5k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96.9%
2022 Citizenship
97%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.9% of Cumberland County, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Cumberland County, NC was 97%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cumberland County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland County, NC
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    137k ± 511
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    122k ± 1.29k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    18.5k ± 1.39k
12.5%
Hispanic Population
42k people

In 2022, there were 1.13 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (137k people) in Cumberland County, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 122k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 18.5k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

12.5% of the people in Cumberland County, NC are hispanic (42k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Cumberland County, NC as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    214,508 ± 11,254 people
  2. India
    79,868 ± 6,912 people
  3. Honduras
    39,759 ± 4,886 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 214,508 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 79,868 and Honduras with 39,759.

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Foreign-Born Population

6.66%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
22.3k people
6.56%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
21.9k people

As of 2022, 6.66% of Cumberland County, NC residents (22.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cumberland County, NC was 6.56%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cumberland County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    19,514 ± 991
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    7,985 ± 589
  3. Vietnam
    6,921 ± 434

Cumberland County, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.44 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Cumberland County, NC employs 125k people. The largest industries in Cumberland County, NC are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,383 people), Retail Trade (16,913 people), and Educational Services (12,477 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($76,250), Utilities ($59,528), and Public Administration ($55,436).

Males in North Carolina have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,464. The income inequality in North Carolina (measured using the Gini index) is 0.47, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

125k
2022 Value
± 2,529
−0.575%
1 Year decline
± 2.86%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Cumberland County, NC declined at a rate of −0.575%, from 126k employees to 125k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cumberland County, NC, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,956 people), Sales & Related Occupations (13,342 people), and Management Occupations (10,284 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, NC.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in North Carolina (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

125k
2022 Value
± 2,529
−0.575%
1 Year decline
± 2.86%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Cumberland County, NC declined at a rate of −0.575%, from 126k employees to 125k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cumberland County, NC, are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,383 people), Retail Trade (16,913 people), and Educational Services (12,477 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cumberland County, NC, though some of these residents may live in Cumberland County, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$40,858
Median earning men ± $953
$32,250
Median earning women ± $952

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($56,347), Manufacturing ($51,411), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($50,392).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($52,689), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($45,293), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($38,638).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.
Y-Axis
3.04%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.86M people employed in North Carolina. This represents a 3.04% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.9%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in North Carolina.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 2,479
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 1,360
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 1,329
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Cumberland County, NC went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 57.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (40.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%).

Thom Tillis and Ted Budd are the senators currently representing the state of North Carolina. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

North Carolina is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from North Carolina

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.
Thom Tillis
Senator from North Carolina2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015
Ted Budd
Senator from North Carolina3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Thom Tillis and Ted Budd are the senators currently representing North Carolina.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in North Carolina over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from North Carolina

North Carolina is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for North Carolina have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Cumberland County, NC awarded 6,023 degrees. The student population of Cumberland County, NC in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 7,184 male students and 12,432 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cumberland County, NC are Black or African American (2,353 and 39.5%), followed by White (2,185 and 36.7%), Hispanic or Latino (644 and 10.8%), and Two or More Races (267 and 4.48%).

The largest universities in Cumberland County, NC by number of degrees awarded are Fayetteville Technical Community College (3,624 and 60.2%), Fayetteville State University (1,494 and 24.8%), and Methodist University (477 and 7.92%).

The most popular majors in Cumberland County, NC are General Business Administration & Management (715 and 11.9%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (368 and 6.11%), and Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (342 and 5.68%).

The median tuition costs in Cumberland County, NC are $6,300 for private four year colleges, and $1,000 and $5,000 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Cumberland County, NC, the percentage of applicants admitted was 79.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 21.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 19,616 (36.6% men and 63.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 19,616 students enrolled in Cumberland County, NC, 36.6% men and 63.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Black or African American with 8,619 records, of which 67.1% were women and 32.9% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Cumberland County, NC was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 313 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Cumberland County, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 3,624 degrees awarded
  2. 1,494 degrees awarded
  3. 477 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Fayetteville Technical Community College with 3,624 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 2,380 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cumberland County, NC, which is 0.653 times less than the 3,643 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Black or African American students. These 2,353 degrees mean that there were 1.08 times more degrees awarded to Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 2,185 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($6,300) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,906) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,356) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.
Measure

In 2022, 0.944% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.805% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (2.16M), Some college (1.84M), and Bachelors Degree (1.63M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cumberland County, NC was $166,600 in 2022, which is 0.591 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $145,200 to $166,600, a 14.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Cumberland County, NC is 52.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Cumberland County, NC have an average commute time of 21.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Cumberland County, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Cumberland County, NC is $55,551. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Cumberland County, NC was Census Tract 7.02 with a value of $104,830, followed by Census Tract 31.02 and Census Tract 7.01, with respective values of $88,910 and $86,796.

In 2022, 17.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Cumberland County, NC. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.885%.

Property

$166,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$2,682
$66,720
Median Property Taxes
±$1,747

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Cumberland County, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

52.6%
Homeownership
2022
65.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 52.6% of the housing units in Cumberland County, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 51.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Cumberland County, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 7.02
  2. Census Tract 31.02
  3. Census Tract 7.01

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cumberland County, NC was Census Tract 7.02 with a value of $104,830, followed by Census Tract 31.02 and Census Tract 7.01, with respective values of $88,910 and $86,796.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cumberland County, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$55,551
Median Household Income
± $979
127k
Number of Households
± 2,369

In 2022, the median household income of the 127k households in Cumberland County, NC grew to $55,551 from the previous year's value of $50,746.

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cumberland County, NC is from North Carolina.
0.47
2022 Wage GINI in North Carolina
0.47
2021 Wage GINI in North Carolina

In 2022, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.47 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0732% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (78.1%)
  2. Carpooled (9.89%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.52%)

In 2022, 78.1% of workers in Cumberland County, NC drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.89%) and those who worked at home (5.52%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

21.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cumberland County, NC have a shorter commute time (21.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.89% of the workforce in Cumberland County, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cumberland County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cumberland County, NC have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 17.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Cumberland County, NC. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.885%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

17.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cumberland County, NC (55.9k out of 318k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cumberland County, NC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 25.3% of the children was living in poverty in Cumberland County, NC. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.1%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 548 in Cumberland County, NC. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 5.8 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

89.2% of the population of Cumberland County, NC has health coverage, with 26.9% on employee plans, 20% on Medicaid, 7.11% on Medicare, 19.9% on non-group plans, and 15.3% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, NC see 1305 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.82% increase from the previous year (1245 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 945 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 264 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 45.7% were men and 54.3% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,305 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Cumberland County, NC

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, NC see an average of 1,305 patients per year. This represents a 4.82% increase from the previous year (1,245 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cumberland County, NC in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 29.2% under 18 years, 22.5% between 18 and 34 years, 34.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 45.7% were men and 54.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

10.8%
Uninsured
26.9%
Employer Coverage
20%
Medicaid
7.11%
Medicare
19.9%
Non-Group
15.3%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cumberland County, NC grew by 1.37% from 10.7% to 10.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cumberland County, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 72.6 in Cumberland County, NC.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Cumberland County, NC.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 35.2% in Cumberland County, NC.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Cumberland County, NC.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 12.5% in Cumberland County, NC.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Cumberland County, NC.

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