Española, NM

Census Place

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2022 Population
10,473
0.181% 1-year decline
US Senator
Martin Heinrich
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ben Ray Luján
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
35.6
2.73% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
18.9%
5.07% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$44,427
4.26% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$188,100
13.6% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
4,209
8.12% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Española, NM had a population of 10.5k people with a median age of 35.6 and a median household income of $44,427. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Española, NM declined from 10,492 to 10,473, a −0.181% decrease and its median household income grew from $42,611 to $44,427, a 4.26% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Española, NM are Other (Hispanic) (44.4%), White (Hispanic) (30%), Two+ (Hispanic) (10%), White (Non-Hispanic) (9.41%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (2.73%).

None of the households in Española, NM reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

90.5% of the residents in Española, NM are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Española, NM are Northern New Mexico College (249 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Española, NM was $188,100, and the homeownership rate was 64.6%.

Most people in Española, NM drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 27.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Española, NM was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Española, NM is home to a population of 10.5k people, from which 90.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 12.4% of Española, NM residents were born outside of the country (1.29k people).

In 2022, there were 1.48 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (4.65k people) in Española, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.15k White (Hispanic) and 1.05k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

90.5%
2022 Citizenship
93%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 90.5% of Española, NM residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Española, NM was 93%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Española, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Española, NM
  1. Other (Hispanic)
    4.65k ± 529
  2. White (Hispanic)
    3.15k ± 529
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    1.05k ± 241
84.8%
Hispanic Population
8.88k people

In 2022, there were 1.48 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (4.65k people) in Española, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.15k White (Hispanic) and 1.05k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

84.8% of the people in Española, NM are hispanic (8.88k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Española, NM as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    128,832 ± 8,539 people
  2. Philippines
    5,882 ± 1,880 people
  3. Germany
    4,070 ± 1,565 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 128,832 New Mexico residents, followed by Philippines with 5,882 and Germany with 4,070.

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Foreign-Born Population

12.4%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.29k people
9.65%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.01k people

As of 2022, 12.4% of Española, NM residents (1.29k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Española, NM was 9.65%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Española, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    120 ± 57
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    79 ± 73
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    47 ± 26

Española, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.52 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Española, NM employs 4.21k people. The largest industries in Española, NM are Accommodation & Food Services (615 people), Retail Trade (509 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (482 people), and the highest paying industries are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($90,787), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($85,417), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($70,750).

Males in New Mexico have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,740. The income inequality in New Mexico (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

4.21k
2022 Value
± 364
−8.12%
1 Year decline
± 12.9%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Española, NM declined at a rate of −8.12%, from 4.58k employees to 4.21k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Española, NM, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (483 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (478 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (457 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Española, NM.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

4.21k
2022 Value
± 364
−8.12%
1 Year decline
± 12.9%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Española, NM declined at a rate of −8.12%, from 4.58k employees to 4.21k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Española, NM, are Accommodation & Food Services (615 people), Retail Trade (509 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (482 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Española, NM, though some of these residents may live in Española, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$40,792
Median earning men ± $3,503
$29,157
Median earning women ± $3,305

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($78,882), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($60,833), and Public Administration ($56,380).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($86,500), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($56,161), and Public Administration ($54,583).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Y-Axis
2.72%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 860k people employed in New Mexico. This represents a 2.72% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Mexico.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New Mexico went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 54.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (43.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.36%).

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing the state of New Mexico. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New Mexico

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Martin Heinrich
Senator from New Mexico1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ben Ray Luján
Senator from New Mexico2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing New Mexico.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Mexico over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Mexico

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Mexico have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Española, NM awarded 249 degrees. The student population of Española, NM in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 482 male students and 672 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Española, NM are Hispanic or Latino (170 and 71.4%), followed by White (26 and 10.9%), American Indian or Alaska Native (20 and 8.4%), and Two or More Races (8 and 3.36%).

The largest universities in Española, NM by number of degrees awarded are Northern New Mexico College (249 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Española, NM are General Business Administration & Management (91 and 36.5%), Registered Nursing (22 and 8.84%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (17 and 6.83%).

The median tuition cost in Española, NM for a public four year colleges is $5,064 for in-state students and $14,328 for out-of-state students.

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 1,154 students enrolled in Española, NM, 41.8% men and 58.2% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 761 records, of which 60.4% were women and 39.6% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Española, NM was Other Nuclear & Industrial Radiologic Technologies with 13 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Española, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
249 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Northern New Mexico College with 249 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 79 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Española, NM, which is 0.465 times less than the 170 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 170 degrees mean that there were 6.54 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 26 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 4-year or above ($5,064) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,200) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Measure

In 2022, 1.05% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.86% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (454k), Some college (398k), and Secondary Education (257k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Española, NM was $188,100 in 2022, which is 0.667 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $165,600 to $188,100, a 13.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Española, NM is 64.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Española, NM have an average commute time of 27.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Española, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Española, NM is $44,427. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Española, NM was Census Tract 101.02 with a value of $65,034, followed by Census Tract 9408 and Census Tract 9441, with respective values of $64,509 and $45,745.

Property

$188,100
Median Property Value 2022
±$16,621
$2,519
Median Property Taxes
±$268

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Española, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Española, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

64.6%
Homeownership
2022
71.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 64.6% of the housing units in Española, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 58.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Española, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 101.02
  2. Census Tract 9408
  3. Census Tract 9441

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Española, NM was Census Tract 101.02 with a value of $65,034, followed by Census Tract 9408 and Census Tract 9441, with respective values of $64,509 and $45,745.

The following map shows all of the places in Española, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$44,427
Median Household Income
± $2,644
3.9k
Number of Households
± 335

In 2022, the median household income of the 3.9k households in Española, NM grew to $44,427 from the previous year's value of $42,611.

The following chart displays the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Española, NM is from New Mexico.
0.462
2022 Wage GINI in New Mexico
0.46
2021 Wage GINI in New Mexico

In 2022, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.44% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (83.2%)
  2. Carpooled (10%)
  3. Worked At Home (4%)

In 2022, 83.2% of workers in Española, NM drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10%) and those who worked at home (4%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

27.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Española, NM have a longer commute time (27.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.8% of the workforce in Española, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Española, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Española, NM have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

18.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Española, NM (1.97k out of 10.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Española, NM is Hispanic, followed by Other and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

86.3% of the population of Española, NM has health coverage, with 33.8% on employee plans, 32% on Medicaid, 12.5% on Medicare, 6.58% on non-group plans, and 1.48% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Rio Arriba County, NM see 2162 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.231% decrease from the previous year (2167 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1284 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 193 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Rio Arriba County, NM.
2,162 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Rio Arriba County, NM

Primary care physicians in Rio Arriba County, NM see an average of 2,162 patients per year. This represents a 0.231% decrease from the previous year (2,167 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Rio Arriba County, NM in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 27.6% under 18 years, 21.7% between 18 and 34 years, 32.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 17.8% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.6% were men and 52.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

13.7%
Uninsured
33.8%
Employer Coverage
32%
Medicaid
12.5%
Medicare
6.58%
Non-Group
1.48%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Española, NM declined by 10.4% from 15.2% to 13.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Española, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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